MOBI A Social History of Ethiopia: The Northern and Central · amalsfk.co

social epub history book ethiopia: pdf northern epub central book highlands pdf from free early free medieval ebok times pdf rise kindle emperor mobile tewodros pdf A Social download History of pdf History of Ethiopia: The epub Social History of pdf Social History of Ethiopia: The pdf A Social History of Ethiopia: The Northern and Central Highlands from Early Medieval Times to the Rise of Emperor Tewodros II ePUBResented was no less varied For centuries Christians of the Orthodox faith predominated in the all important northern and central highlands Muslims were no less dominant in most of the lowlands particularly to the east as well as at the great commercial centre of Harar but were also of paramount importance as merchants throughout the region as a whole Followers of traditional local faiths preponderated in the south west the source of much of the country's exports of gold ivory civet and slaves but also we may assume exerted some cultural influence in the north where they accounted for no small proportion of the slave population which we may surmise was by no means instantly assimilated to the locally dominant faith or faiths The Falasa or Judaic Ethiopians who constituted the smallest of the country's four religious groups were located mainly in the north west Through their faith was in many ways distinct both from other Ethiopians and from the Jews of other lands their social life had much in common with Ethiopian Orthodox Christians with whom they shared the Ge'ez Old Testament whose scribes often wrote out their sacred writings and whose Church schools they sometimes attended They also had some cultural affinities with nearby Oemant who represented an intermediary faith between Judaism and an ancient Ethiopian religion often referred to as a form of Animism Such immense variations of physical and human geography coupled with those of language culture and religion inevitably resulted in the existence within the confines of the present day Ethiopian region of many differing customs and ways of life There ensured much cross fertilisation of cultures and traditions which still reuires detailed study Any comprehensive examination of so rich and geographically varied a history obviously reuires many detailed monographs for it would seem impossible within the compass of one small volume such as this to do justice to the rich variety of Ethiopia's historic social and cultural experience either on a countrywide basis or over the time span ofthan a few centuries Further factual studies when completed will doubtless lead to works of greater synthesis and interpretation The present volume which is a planned as the first of a series dealing with various aspects of the country's varied social history is devoted by and large to the northern and central highlands and covers the period from early medieval times tot he region of Emperor Tewodros II which is considered a turning point in the country's history and serves at the same time as a point of departure for the dramatic changes that were to characterize the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries The region under review was important in that it constituted the core of the traditional Ethiopian State and was over the centuries to exercise no small influence on other parts of the country The area was at the same time distinctive and formed a cohesive entity in that it had a uniue highland.

Resented was no less varied For centuries Christians of the Orthodox faith predominated in the all important northern and central highlands Muslims were no less dominant in most of the lowlands particularly to the east as well as at the great commercial centre of Harar but were also of paramount importance as merchants throughout the region as a whole Followers of traditional local faiths preponderated in the south west the source of much of the country's exports of gold ivory civet and slaves but also we may assume exerted some cultural influence in the north where they accounted for no small proportion of the slave population which we may surmise was by no means instantly assimilated to the locally dominant faith or faiths The Falasa or Judaic Ethiopians who constituted the smallest of the country's four religious groups were located mainly in the north west Through their faith was in many ways distinct both from other Ethiopians and from the Jews of other lands their social life had much in common with Ethiopian Orthodox Christians with whom they shared the Ge'ez Old Testament whose scribes often wrote out their sacred writings and whose Church schools they sometimes attended They also had some cultural affinities with nearby Oemant who represented an intermediary faith between Judaism and an ancient Ethiopian religion often referred to as a form of Animism Such immense variations of physical and human geography coupled with those of language culture and religion inevitably resulted in the existence within the confines of the present day Ethiopian region of many differing customs and ways of life There ensured much cross fertilisation of cultures and traditions which still reuires detailed study Any comprehensive examination of so rich and geographically varied a history obviously reuires many detailed monographs for it would seem impossible within the compass of one small volume such as this to do justice to the rich variety of Ethiopia's historic social and cultural experience either on a countrywide basis or over the time span ofthan a few centuries Further factual studies when completed will doubtless lead to works of greater synthesis and interpretation The present volume which is a planned as the first of a series dealing with various aspects of the country's varied social history is devoted by and large to the northern and central highlands and covers the period from early medieval times tot he region of Emperor Tewodros II which is considered a turning point in the country's history and serves at the same time as a point of departure for the dramatic changes that were to characterize the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries The region under review was important in that it constituted the core of the traditional Ethiopian State and was over the centuries to exercise no small influence on other parts of the country The area was at the same time distinctive and formed a cohesive entity in that it had a uniue highland.

MOBI A Social History of Ethiopia: The Northern and Central · amalsfk.co

[Reading] ➼ A Social History of Ethiopia: The Northern and Central Highlands from Early Medieval Times to the Rise of Emperor Tewodros II Author Richard Pankhurst – Amalsfk.co In introducing the present essay on the Social History of Ethiopia it should be emphasised that the country which today covers an area as large as France and Spain combined has always been one of immeIn introducing the present essay on the Social History of Ethiopia it should be emphasised that the country which today covers an area as large as France and Spain combined has always been one of immense geographical and other contrasts High mountains which in the Samen range towerthan 4600 metres above sea level give way to flat lowlands which in the 'Afar depression sink below sea level Temperature which geographically is no less varied ranges from the icy cold of the mountains with frost and in places even snow through the temperate highlands the site of most of the country's historic settlements to the torrid lowlands with the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden ports reckoned as among some of the hottest places in the world Differences in rainfall have been no less dramatic the torrential downpours of the highlands contrasting with minimal precipitation in the parches almost waterless lowlands It follows that vegetation was eually varied with tropical jungles particularly in the west deserts and semi desert scrublands mainly in the east and south and fertile but largely deforested regions in many areas of medium elevation The population of the country not surprisingly came to terms with such greatly varying environments in different ways with the result that the world's principal types of economic activity were all represented with agriculturalists many of them practicing plough agriculture in the extensive highlands pastoralists in the evenwidespread lowlands and hunters and gathers in the vicinity of the many rivers lakes and forests This three fold division is however far from rigid for there was often much overlapping particularly in the highlands where the supposed agriculturalists devoted much of their time to the upkeep of cattle which many farmers and peasants regarded as their principal source of wealth Ethiopia like so many countries on the African continent is in no less measure a land made up of varied ethic and lingusitic threads It comprises members of no less than four broad language groups Semitic mainly in the north but with pockets in the south Gurage and Adare Cushitic mainly in the south but with pockets in the north Beja Agaw Saho and 'Afar Omotic Wallamo Kafa Gemerra etc in the south west and Nilo Saharan in the far west near the Sudan border The situation was however historically far from static for there were over the centuries major movements of population notably in the ancient and medieval period when Tegres moved from north to south ; in the sixteenth seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries when Oromos migrated from south to north; in the nineteenth century when there was oncea movement mainly of Amharas from north to south; as well as throughout the centuries to and from sundry national or provincial capitals For this and other reasons bilingualism and indeed multilingualism may well have existed throughout this period The religious pattern in which the world's three main monotheistic faiths are all rep.

MOBI A Social History of Ethiopia: The Northern and Central · amalsfk.co

MOBI A Social History of Ethiopia: The Northern and Central · amalsfk.co

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